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为了克服评估的趋同性

2021-06-14 19:18 访问量:发布人:未知

  指导学生

  WHEN THIS "LIST" OF SUBJECT EVALUATION WAS RELEASED,MANY PEOPLE INEVITABLY ASSOCIATE IT WITH VARIOUS "UNIVERSITY RANKINGS" IN SOCIETY.IT IS EVEN REFERRED TO AS THE OFFICIAL "UNIVERSITY RANKINGS."

  大学的学科特征,在该评估中,重量特别重。李俊介绍,为了克服评估的趋同性,评估分为类别和学科,以建立指标体系,设置具有特色的一级学科的特色指标,例如, 对于艺术等学科, 建筑学, 和运动特殊指标,例如“艺术创作水平”, 分别设置了“建筑设计水平”和“学生体育竞赛奖”。

  JANUARY 29,THE ACADEMIC DEGREES AND GRADUATE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT CENTER OF THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION RELEASED THE RESULTS OF THE 2012 SUBJECT EVALUATION.THIS ONE-YEAR "PHYSICAL EXAMINATION",IT CAN BE CALLED A "COMPLETE INVESTIGATION" OF THE DISCIPLINE CONSTRUCTION OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRY,FOR THE PUBLIC TO UNDERSTAND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH SCHOOL'S DISCIPLINES AND APPLY FOR MAJORS RATIONALLY,PROVIDE A NEW PERSPECTIVE AND CHANNEL.

  “在上大学之前,候选人对大学及其专业发展水平的理解,所有人都充满了情感和模糊。学校的质量,仍然可以根据口碑和学校的历史来判断,但具体取决于主题的真实水平,我们很难知道渠道。“有些候选人抱怨,“我们希望选择我们最感兴趣的最合适的专业和学科。但是它缺乏渠道和基础。"

  在过去,批评以“ SCI论文”为单一索引的学术论文的做法。首次, 该评估采用“多维学术论文评估”方法,将“定量和定性, 保质保量 国内外”。“其他引用次数”, 评价指标同时包括“ ESI被高引用论文数”和新发表的高级期刊论文。

  李俊介绍,该主题评估包括四个一级指标:“教师和资源”, “科研水平”, “人才培养质量”和“学科声誉”。指标的权重全部由参与主题声誉调查的专家确定。

  ACCORDING TO REPORTS,THIS IS MY COUNTRY'S THIRD SUBJECT EVALUATION IN THE PAST 10 YEARS.THE FIRST TWO WERE IN 2004 AND 2008.IN THIS ASSESSMENT,COVERING 4235 DISCIPLINES IN 391 UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS ACROSS THE COUNTRY,AND THE EVALUATION RESULTS SHOW THATIN RECENT YEARS, THE STATE'S KEY CONSTRUCTION INVESTMENT AND THE SCHOOL'S STRENGTHENING OF DISCIPLINE CONSTRUCTION HAVE ACHIEVED REMARKABLE RESULTS.THE EVALUATION RESULTS ARE AMONG THE TOP FIVE DISCIPLINES,MORE THAN 75% ARE NATIONAL KEY DISCIPLINES,"985 COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES" ACCOUNTED FOR 73%,"211 COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES" ACCOUNTED FOR 84%.

  DOWNPLAY THE RANKINGS,LET COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES RECOGNIZE THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF DISCIPLINE CONSTRUCTION

  评估结果是否准确,依靠数据收集和数据验证,这是最基本,最重要的工作。“评估数据收集包括两个部分:'公共数据收集'和'单位材料提交'。学位中心通过官方数据源(例如教育部, 科学技术部 国家自然科学基金 有关的教学委员会, 和社会; 并通过参与单位的申请获得参与主体的数据。李军说。

  “本主题评估,这个过程比结果更重要。“李军, 教育部学位与研究生教育发展中心主任 反复强调。他认为,通过评估指标体系,意义在于提倡大学合理,健康的发展方向。

  明显地,这次, 涵盖391所大学和研究机构的“学科排名”,为了向公众介绍大学学科的特点和水平,提供一个相对权威和客观的渠道。“这也是该主题评估服务社会的重要目的,为大多数学生选择学校提供参考, 学科和社会人才流动。李军说。

  --EDITOR

  ENCOURAGE UNIVERSITIES

  THESE REFORMS AND INNOVATIONS,FOR PARTICIPATING UNIVERSITIES,IT IS A SPUR."THE EVALUATION INCORPORATES THE TEACHING MATERIAL CONSTRUCTION INDICATORS,THIS REQUIRES OUR TEACHERS TO NOT ALL ENGAGE IN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH,ALSO BRING STUDENTS.ANOTHER EXAMPLE,THE EVALUATION REQUIRES EVERYONE TO COME UP WITH A ‘REPRESENTATIVE WORK',THIS IS TO ENCOURAGE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES TO STRENGTHEN CONNOTATION DEVELOPMENT."GAO CELI SAID FRANKLY,IN THE PAST, ALL SCHOOLS USED SCALE AS THEIR BUSINESS.BUT NOW LET THE UNIVERSITIES UNDERSTAND,DO THE BEST,NOT TO BE THE BIGGEST.

  SOME SUBJECT RANKINGS (INCOMPLETE STATISTICS)

  记者了解到,该学科评价全面改革了排名评价的一般做法。例如, 使用多个代表性指标代替总指标; 设置刻度指示器的数量上限,克服单纯追求规模的趋势; 在“总比率”和“人均比率”之间找到“比率质量”的平衡点。“这边走,旨在向大学传达信息,强调质量,轻描淡写。李军说。

  改变“宗派偏见”,为合理应用提供学术参考

  在收集数据之后专家组还严格验证了数据。如,对已发表的学术论文和其他数据进行抽查, 单位报告的屏幕数据, 等等。,该单位填写的部分信息会在参与单位的范围内在线发布,并再次确认反对意见。

  “如果你几乎是专业人士,那都没关系。进入一所好大学是最重要的。“在这种情况下,我相信许多参加过高考的人都听说过,在这个概念的指导下,许多候选人在参加考试时会陷入“教派偏见”。因此, 入学后的个人兴趣和优势与所选专业不匹配。记者了解到,在中国某知名大学,经过学校招生部门的调查,在大学一年级新生中,专业不匹配率竟高达25%。如何引导候选人仅认识学校的“品牌”,更改对主题的“品牌”的认可,这是减少职业失配率,提高高等教育效率和质量的重要组成部分。

  和传统的人才评估方式也得到了一定程度的改革,更加注重将学校的培训质量和毕业后的发展质量相结合的评价理念。"FOR EXAMPLE, THE INTRODUCTION OF EMPLOYERS TO'TRACK AND EVALUATE THE QUALITY OF STUDENTS AFTER GRADUATION',ADDED INDICATORS FOR STUDENTS TO STUDY ABROAD AND EXCHANGES,FOR THE FIRST TIME, THE NATIONAL DOCTORAL DISSERTATION SAMPLING INSPECTION INDICATORS WERE INTRODUCED, AND THE TRANSFORMATION AND APPLICATION OF PATENT ACHIEVEMENTS WERE EMPHASIZED."AN EXPERT INTRODUCED,THE EVALUATION ALSO INVITED A LARGE NUMBER OF INDUSTRY AND BUSINESS PEOPLE AND EXPERTS FROM ALL PARTICIPATING UNITS TO CONDUCT A COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF THE SOCIAL REPUTATION OF THE DISCIPLINE.ADVOCATE A NEW SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH EVALUATION MODEL OF "ADVOCATING INNOVATION, EMPHASIZING QUALITY, AND SOCIAL PARTICIPATION".

  "THIS IS A COMPREHENSIVE DIAGNOSIS OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES,IN RECENT YEARS, THE COUNTRY HAS INVESTED SO MUCH IN 985 COLLEGES AND 211 COLLEGES,IT IS NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND THE RESULTS, THE LEVEL OF DISCIPLINE CONSTRUCTION, AND THE DIRECTION OF THE NEXT STEP."FOR THIS SUBJECT EVALUATION,GAO CELI, DEPUTY DEAN OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, INTERPRETED THIS WAY.

  "THERE ARE MANY EVALUATIONS IN SOCIETY AT PRESENT,THE RANKING MASTER DATA IS INCOMPLETE,THE GOAL IS NOT CLEAR,WITH MORE MARKET-ORIENTED PURPOSES."WU XIAOQIU, ASSISTANT PRESIDENT OF RENMIN UNIVERSITY OF CHINA AND EXECUTIVE VICE DEAN OF GRADUATE SCHOOL, BELIEVES THAT,这项评估采取自愿参加的形式,不收取任何费用。“最重要的是,这是该主题的排名,它不是大学综合评估的排名。“他说,学科之间有很大的差异,切勿使用指标来机械地对大学进行简单的评估和排名。

  至于评价结果,它是根据“精确计算和聚类统计”的原理生成的。那就是将相似的原始分数归为一类,使分类更加科学, 在同一类别中并列的更多,从而淡化排名,引导大学更加重视学科建设的利弊。根据业内人士的说法,除了帮助大学“找出家庭背景之外,这项评估也有助于纠正各种“大学排名”带来的负面影响。“这将为高等教育的长期发展注入积极能量。”吴晓秋说。

  NOT MORE THAN THE TOTAL THAN THE CONTENT,做到最好而不是最大

  WHEN APPLYING FOR THE COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAMINATION,THERE ARE MANY ”UNIVERSITY RANKINGS",OFTEN THE CANDIDATES "CANNOT FIND NORTH".BIG DIFFERENCES IN RANKINGS, CHAOTIC EVALUATION STANDARDS, UNRELIABLE RESULTS,IT IS DIFFICULT FOR THESE LISTS TO "MAKE REFERENCE" FOR FILLING IN THE VOLUNTEERS,EVEN SOME COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES INDULGE IN RANKINGS,FALL INTO THE BLIND ZONE OF DEVELOPMENT.

  CORRECTION AWARENESS

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